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Japanese Propaganda Posters and 3 Historical Cars at Joang 45 Museum, Menteng District, Central Jakarta City, Indonesia

- Sunday, May 03, 2020
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On 8 December 1941 the Dutch government declared war on Japan but on 10 January 1942, Japan succeeded in conquering the Netherlands in Indonesia following Japan's victory in Malaysia, Singapore and Hong Kong.

After the success of the Japanese army in control of Sumatra and Java in February and March 1942, and the unconditional surrender of the Dutch at Kalijati on March 8, 1942, the Japanese who claimed to be the "older brothers" of the Indonesian nation immediately launched a propaganda project.

One of the famous slogans is the "Three-A Movement", namely "Japan's Asian Leader", "Japan's Asian Protector", and "Japan's Asian Light". The goal is that the Indonesian people support the interests of Japan in the Pacific War in order to drive the Dutch from their homeland. So in contrast to most invasions that took place in various countries, in Indonesia, the arrival of Japan was relatively welcomed by the Indonesian people because they thought that Japan would be able to free the Indonesian people from the clutches of Dutch colonialism.
Japanese propaganda
"Three-A Movement" Slogan
To smooth out the propaganda, Japan established the Department of Propaganda or Sendenbu while other propaganda organizations were formed more specifically by using radio, film, newspaper, and art media. Japan, for example, established Java Hōsō Kanrikoru, Shinbunkai Java, Nihon Eigasha Nichi’ei, and Java Engeki Kyōkai. Japan also formed Keimin Bunka Shidosho and the PUTERA (Pusat Tenaga Rakyat).

3 (Three) Historical Cars in Joang Museum 45

When we visit Joang 45 Museum, we are shown a wide collection of objects of high historical value. Special collections that are very special that are still stored well in the Joang 45 Museum are 3 (three) units of motor vehicles that have been used by the president and first vice president of the Republic of Indonesia.

When we step into the backyard of Joang 45 Museum, we will find a special transparent glass-walled house where 3 historic cars are stored, namely:


The REP-1 car is a 1938 American made Buick Series 8 sedan limousine sedan with 5,247 cc cylinders and is the first presidential car owned by the government of Indonesia where this car is used daily by Sukarno in carrying out his duties as President of the Republic of Indonesia including when the Indonesian government centre had to move to Yogyakarta city.
REP 1 Car
REP-1 Car
The origin of the use of this car was when Sudiro, a member of Barisan Banteng passed behind the Office of the Department of Transportation (now the Office of the Directorate of Sea Transportation, Merdeka Timur Street, Central Jakarta). When meeting with the car driver, Sudiro tried to conduct diplomacy to the car owner so that the car could be handed over to the president. Then the car was taken to Pegangsaan Timur No. 56 to be handed over to Sukarno.


The REP-2 car was a car manufactured by DeSoto Cabriolet which was made in 1938. At first, this car was used by the owner of a company named Djohan Djohar who was also the uncle of Moh Hatta. The purpose of the car given to Hatta was to help mobilize Hatta's struggle and also in order to avoid deprivation from the Japanese military. When the Indonesian government moved to Yogyakarta, this car was also moved there.
REP-2 Car
REP-2 Car
'Cikini Incident' Car

This Imperial branded car is the car that Soekarno used when delivering his son, Megawati Soekarnoputri when attending the Cikini School College (PERCIK) bazaar event. Because it happened there, this car is also known as the Cikini Incident Car.
Cikini Car
Cikini Incident Car
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